Dispute Resolution is one of the chief aims of the United Nations. In fact, it also serves as one of the reasons which gave UN birth in the new world order of post-1945. On dispute resolution, chapter-6 of the UN charter comprising of Article 33 to Article 38 emphasises over the pacific settlement of conflicts among the states. Some prominent points mentioned under these articles are;
- The parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likely to endanger maintenance of international peace and security, shall, first of all, seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements, or other peaceful means of their own choice.
- The Security Council shall, when it deems necessary, call upon the parties to settle their dispute by such means.
- Any state whether member of the UN or not can bring a dispute into the attention of the Security Council for investigation over which the appropriate recommendations will be given to sort out the problem. It may also if deemed necessary call upon the states breeding dispute which may prove to be a threat to the international peace and may set up the machinery for settlement.
With these points clearly written under the UN Charter, there remains no ambiguity that, the global body is failing in keeping peace in the world by peacefully settling several serious disputes including that of Kashmir.