“Ash-sha`b yurid isqat an-nizam” (the people want to bring down the regime); a slogan which altered the course of Arab world and its surroundings with a wave of revolutionary demonstrations and riots erupting from the volcano of the decades-long dictated masses. Barack Obama once commenting on the Arab Spring that was commenced on December 18, 2010 said, “There are very few moments in our lives where we have the privilege to witness history taking place. This is one of those moments. This is one of those times.”
The debate over this stance of Obama and the US policy in this regard is a target to be achieved later. First, it’s important to know the rationale that pushed the countries like Libya, Egypt and Syria into an unending chaos. What compelled the monarchs to abdicate the thrones they had been occupying for decades and decades? Not mere the despotism but the poverty, inflation, suppressed thoughts and the joblessness could do nothing else except to bring the masses on roads.
But the revolt did not yield the desired results. If we consider the giant gatherings of Tahrir Square in Cairo as the icon of a new Middle East then we can’t also overrule the demolition of the Pearl Square in Manama (Bahrain) as a part of the dispersing the protestors is the symbol of old orders reasserting itself. Revolution, rebellion and repression are the factors that shackled the castles of power but as far as the reforms are concerned some attained some not.