World powers work for centuries to gain the strategic depths in the developing states. Most of the time they meet success but sometimes they face such a defeat that their previous achievements in this regard become foggy. Similar experience the US had in Iran. Shah’s unconstitutional coup in Iran was backed by the US. But neither the Shah nor his powerful friend knew about the urge of people for the renaissance of Iran’s constitutional setup. Ayatollah Khomeini made the revolution to sweep everything the Shah planted in modern Iran.
In 2005, not well known Mayor of Tehran assumed the presidency. It won’t be wrong to say that this university professor remained one of the most controversial figures of the decade. Pursuing the strict lines of the 2nd Ayatollah, Ali Khamenei; ex-revolutionary President Ahmedinejad pledged to ensure the Islamic setup in each and every part of the country. The choice of Ahmedinejad by the masses of Iran was not less than a miracle for the Ayatollah who for the previous 8 years was countering the reformist president Khatami. He found Ayatollah in front of him whenever he moved to amend the constitution in accordance with the modern world order.
In the legal structure of Iran, the institution like Guardian Council; charged with the immense constitutional powers of interpreting and reviewing the constitution in terms of Islamic principles along with scrutinizing the religious credentials of election candidates; is nothing else but the obstacle installed by the revolutionaries prior facing any possible modern amendment in the constitution. Laws are rigid there. As far as the two terms of Nejad are concerned; it won’t be wrong to say that Iran was being ruled by legal ideas of Khamenei. In the proceedings of courts; the legal practitioners were often heard sounding the references from the speeches of Ayatollah.
The book has also explicitly defined the status of women’s rights in the Iranian legal practice. Unlike the rest of the world and may be even the other Islamic states, Iran is much more rigid in granting the women excessive freedom. They are not allowed to watch sports played by the teams of male players. Once Ayatollah declared ban on telecasting the sports on TV channels for the bodies of the male sportsmen, in sports costumes, are prohibited to be exhibited to the women watching televisions. Iranian law secures no rights for women to take custody of children after divorce using a legal platform. The custody of children is to go with the courts.
As far as the approach of Iran towards international community is concerned then the book depicts that during the reign of Ahmedinejad it was similar to Iran’s domestic approach. Dealing some other state particularly the Western was not different from dealing a neighbor province. Ritual diplomacy and international law were two things discarded by the Nejad’s government. His blunt style of speaking against the West left no room for international norms to exist.
It can be safely assumed that; Iran’s legal realm is subservient to the rigidity of thoughts backed up by the revolutionary spirit and the determination to make the country a true Islamic state discarding all the laws and customs of Shah’s Iran.