We all know Pakistan as a state which engineered the idea of Talibanization. The country not only trained but also financed this militia to seek its strategic interests in Afghan land. According to Ahmad Rashid (Pak-Afghan Affairs Expert); “From 1994 to 1999, nearly 80,000 to 100,000 Pakistani trained militants fought in Afghanistan”.
A 1998 document by the US State Department confirms that "20–40 percent of Taliban soldiers are Pakistani." The document further states that the parents of those Pakistani nationals "know nothing regarding their child's military involvement with the Taliban until their bodies are brought back to Pakistan."
This fact was also recognized in the Human Rights Watch report of 2000:
“Of all the foreign powers involved in efforts to sustain and manipulate the ongoing fighting in Afghanistan, Pakistan is distinguished both by the sweep of its objectives and the scale of its efforts, which include soliciting funding for the Taliban, bankrolling Taliban operations, providing diplomatic support as the Taliban's virtual emissaries abroad, arranging training for Taliban fighters, recruiting skilled and unskilled manpower to serve in Taliban armies, planning and directing offensives, providing and facilitating shipments of ammunition and fuel, and directly providing combat support.”
In 2000, the UN Security Council imposed an arms embargo against military support to the Taliban. This came along with criticims on Pakistan for supporting the Taliban regime. Among these factors mentioned above, the 9/11 attacks proved to be the most compulsive force in making Pakistan to alter its relations with Taliban and the new foreign relations policy was put into effect as soon as President Musharraf gave verbal assurance when he was asked; ‘Whether you are with us or with the terrorists’ by President Bush.
Even though, some circles believe that, Pakistan still has links with militants through its secret agencies. This undermines the military and civilian efforts of Pakistan against the entire challenge of terrorism.