In times early, Afghanistan Witnessed Military Campaign by Alexander, Genghis Khan and Western Invaders. Originally gained Independence from Persia in 1709 and Went to Hotaki and Durrani Reigns one after other. Later, it faced two Anglo-Afghan Wars (1839-1842, 1878-1880) as part of the Great Game (1813-1907) in which it was a Buffer State between Russian and British Empires both tending to have hold over it and the Central Asia. But, finally, recognized as a state in Anglo-Afghan Treaty was signed after third Anglo-Afghan War on August 19, 1919.
A period of Kingship started in Afghanistan and the last King was Zahir Shah (1933-1973). Then, first President Daoud Khan ruled the state and was killed during the Marxist Revolution (1978) brought by communist ‘People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan’ in the form of a military coup; backed up by USSR. Guerrilla war began and the fighters were supported by Pakistan. Later, USSR invaded Afghanistan in 1979 and was fought by American backed fighters till 1989. From 1992 to 1996 the country faced civil war. In 1996, Pakistan backed, chapter of Taliban got success in gaining control over Afghanistan because it was a part of the ethnic group that was and still is in majority and it reigned till 2001; until US breached the sovereignty of the state.
Today, the foreign forces are being seen as helpless to win the Afghan land. The last resort they have is to prolong the stay there for the sake of their strategic interests in the region.