Rija Hafeez

Jul 08, 2017

Sustainable development is about utilizing the planet`s resources without degrading them and saving them for future generation. Human beings from the 1st century are actually destroying and degrading natural resources which cannot be replaced naturally. The elements of the nature are air, water, plants, soil, wild animals, marine and mineral resources. Excessive use of these elements of nature through various human activities like industrial activity, hunting, cultivation, grazing and frequent application of chemicals in economic activities results in environment degradation. It’s not just about the resources but the animals and plants as well. Yes, human beings of present century are utilizing more animal meat and more hides, specially the hides of wild animals and are replacing wild plants with the crops that are essential for agricultural growth. Wildlife is being degrading by the humans since from the origin of the man on earth. Man is increasingly using wild animals and plants for the economic growth. We are using this in terms of securing human food security, medicines and wild animal`s exhibitions, thus resulting profit. The most highlighted problem of wildlife sustainability is due to loss of habitat conservation. As most landowners wants to utilize their land by making the products that can results in money, so they replace their land into a money producing land because lands having wildlife have no worth in their sight, so they replace wildlife with the crops and domestic animals. Secondly, illegal trade of wild animals causes loss of wildlife on a very large scale. This has been done by the hunters and the people who live near wild areas, utilizing animal’s meat and skin for their survival instead of conserving them or harvesting them. The government is also not playing its role in the proper monitoring of such hunters and the communities who have made wildlife an earning machine. Natural resources should be utilized by everyone, equally in a sustainable manner. No one has a right to degrade it to its extinct. Wildlife is not only degrading by the human beings, it is also been affected by the climate change as well. Environmental conditions on some areas are becoming so much devastating and harsh that no one is able to survive out there. Many animals live in colder regions but due to the climate change, they adapt to live in temperate or warmer regions as well. This results in human animal interaction and lead towards human wildlife conflict. For example: snow leopard lives in colder region but have adapt to live in warmer regions as well but when it comes in interaction with the human being, it got hunted or killed which will sooner or later, leads towards its extinction on Earth.  It’s not only the government who is not taking this issue seriously, it’s the people as well who are not obeying the already made conservation programs, strategies and plans by the government and the concerned authorities. This is because of lack of advanced knowledge, people do not actually know which specie is getting extinct, which species are sustaining ecosystem, which specie is maintaining balance on Earth.  In contrast, tourists that focus largely on the resources and make the conservation of wildlife their primary interest are helping in making sustainable use of natural resources. They provide us with the vast knowledge of the animals, about the numbers that how many of them are surviving and how many species have gone extinct. This results in advancing the knowledge about wildlife and made such ease for policy makers to replace the old policies with the new ones. Therefore, it is necessary to make such guidelines and policies which can be implemented easily without effecting any cultural or religious value.  Continuation of sustainable journey can only be ensured by regulating policies. While considering the threats to wildlife, poaching emerge as a dominative factor. Addressing the issue through implementation of policies can decrease the crisis, and can contribute to smoothness of sustained ecosystems. Initiatives, such as, Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) have taken into account the need of conserving wildlife, as the signatories of these conventions are concerned about the future of this planet. There lies some gap between the formulation and implementation of the policies, the bridging of these gaps should be given prime eminency, if the ecological corridors are to be managed properly. This implies the need that policy makers should agree upon one central point that would not only conserve wildlife, but would device strategies that can utilize the contribution of the species at global scale.

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